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What is Data Science?

Data Science is the application of scientific methods and algorithms to obtain knowledge from data. Crucially, Data Science involves specific intervention and input by e.g. statisticians and scientists as opposed to be being largely autonomous such as in some forms of Machine Learning.

For this reason Data Science is a distinct discipline from Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, despite them sometimes being grouped together.

Data science-derived algorithms when used in computers to learn from become a key part of many low level Machine Learning models, therefore in some cases Data Science and Machine Learning are closely tied. In these relationships Data Science can be viewed as the algorithm while Machine Learning can be seen as the software that facilitates the algorithm in a practical way.

For higher level Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence systems that utilise Artificial Neural Networks, the distinction between ML/AI and Data Science is much clearer due to the fact that ANNs, such as when used in Deep Learning, are able to function with much greater autonomy and handle much more diverse types and complexities of data without the need for Data-Science derived algorithms.

Suggested supplementary reading: What is Artificial Intelligence?

Suggested supplementary reading: What is Machine Learning?

Suggested supplementary reading: What is an Artificial Neural Network?

Suggested supplementary reading: What is Deep Learning?

What is Data Science? - Key Points

  • Data Science involves statisticians and scientists applying algorithms and methods to data in order to extract knowledge from it
  • Data Science requires human intervention at most stages
  • Data Science algorithms are often used in low level Machine Learning systems
  • Data Science is very different to high level Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence (specifically Artificial Neural Networks) which are able to make links within datasets without the use of specific statistical algorithms and with practically no need for human involvement

Learn more

Thanks for reading about Data Science, there's more to learn below:

How Fennaio works with you at every stage of the AI and ML Integration process.

Whether you are starting out on your first AI project, just interested in the possibilities of AI or are wanting to expand your existing AI suite, we are here to help.

AI Survey & Plan

We will discuss with you where you are, where you want to be, and how we can achieve it with AI - whether by a bespoke solution or using one of our off-the-shelf products

AI Data Analysis & Preparation

We will work with you to gather, analyse and prepare all your relevant data sources for use in the AI system(s)

AI Execute & Visualisation

We will run and tune the AI throughout the AI learning process and enable the AI to produce a real time visual output to confirm the AI is producing beneficial results

AI Integration

When you are satisfied the AI is delivering the results you desire, we will integrate the AI with your new or existing systems

You are one step closer to getting Artificial Intelligence into your organisation

Fennaio has the expertise to get you up and running with AI, Machine Learning, Deep Learning and Data Science in your new or existing systems, software and operations.

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